By Peter Ladefoged
Phonetics is so comprehensible with A direction IN PHONETICS and its CD! This best-selling textual content will get undergraduates painlessly into the subdiscipline of phonetics. Attuning your ear and practising speech sounds is simple with the CD-ROM; over 4,000 audio records contain many models of English and virtually a hundred different languages. The CD additionally includes fabric for each chapter--recordings of phrases within the tables and function exercises--and maps with hyperlinks to sounds of the languages spoken in quite a few parts of the area.
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Additional resources for A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition)
All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 4 CHAPTER 1 Articulation and Acoustics which depends on the rate of vibration of the vocal folds. But there are circumstances in which the overtones of each vowel can be heard. Try saying just the vowels in the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d, making all of them long vowels. Now whisper these vowels. When you whisper, the vocal folds are not vibrating, and there is no regular pitch of the voice.
11 shows the waveform of the phrase My two boys know how to fish, labeled roughly in ordinary spelling. The lower part shows the same waveform with labels pointing out the different manners of articulation. The time scale at the bottom shows that this phrase took about two and a half seconds. Looking mainly at the labeled version in the lower part of the figure, you can see in the waveform where the lips open after the nasal consonant in my so that the amplitude gets larger for the vowel. The vowel is ended by the voiceless stop consonant at the beginning of two, for which there is a very short silence followed by a burst of noise as the stop closure is released.
2 Note also: ju ju Bude cued (as noted above) Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning, Inc. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. 40 CHAPTER 2 Phonology and Phonetic Transcription Even within American English, there are variations in the number of contrasting vowels that occur. Many Midwestern speakers and most Far Western speakers do not distinguish between the vowels in pairs of words such as odd, awed and cot, caught. 2. For example, some speakers (mainly from the East Coast) distinguish the auxiliary verb can from the noun can, the latter being more diphthongal.