By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been considering the concept the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The center concept is that the transition from an business to a postindustrial surroundings has introduced with it a complete new set of social dangers, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that question intensive, with specific consciousness to the matter of source of revenue security and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. will probably be important interpreting for someone drawn to figuring out the way forward for ecu social policy.About the AuthorIve Marx is examine fellow on the Centre for Social coverage on the college of Antwerp, Belgium. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra resources for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era
The relative impact of employment, earnings and social security How does this all add up? One way to find out is to decompose the observed living standard trends. 3, which contain the result of a decomposition analysis, in which the relative impact of each factor is gauged by keeping all other factors constant. Basically, we distinguish to what extent the labour market position of the breadwinner (by definition the male partner), the labour market position of the partner and social security have contributed to the observed changes in the average living standard of respectively the whole population and those in the first quartile in terms of educational attainment.
Employees have over the past 20 years constructed fairly strong expectations regarding the possibility of early retirement. Research by Schokkaert, Verhue and Pepermans (2000) shows that workers have a very clear preference for early retirement. Successive attempts by the government and employers to scale back early retirement and to increase the effective age of retirement has encountered enormous resistance from trade unions. In many neighbouring countries employment rates for older men have recently edged up.
Non-employment trends are too easily reduced to a labour demand issue. In fact, the increased dependency rate among the low-skilled can only be understood fully if viewed as a product of a complex interaction between economic, social (socio-demographic) and policy factors. This point is perhaps best illustrated by taking the example of single mothers, a population segment with exceptionally high non-employment and dependency rates, especially among the least skilled. The proportion of single mothers has increased in most of the advanced countries.