Ancient Greece (Let's See Library) by Cynthia Fitterer Klingel, Robert B. Noyed

By Cynthia Fitterer Klingel, Robert B. Noyed

An creation to the background, govt, tradition, humans, and points of lifestyle of historical Greece and its pervasive and enduring impression on western civilization.

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969. It was laid out in a grid plan by the Fatimid general Al-Jawhar (the Sicilian) presumably inspired by the rectilinear configurations of Roman cities he had seen while marching eastward along the Mediterranean coast. The main north-south street, replicating the Roman Cardo Maximus, was named after the Fatimid Caliph Al-Muizz, who built his palace on an east-west cross street near the middle, called the Qasaba or Bien Qasrean. Islam had spread into Egypt from the Arabian Peninsula nearly three centuries earlier, in 696, and the port city of al Fustat, which had replaced the Byzantine fortress of Babylon, was prospering when the new Fatimid city was founded.

The houses on the opposite side of the linear thoroughfare, however, were built on grade and were surfaced more roughly, creating a clear visual and physical distinction between these diametrically different parts of Aztec society. This was a farming community, surrounded by fields and terraced planted plateaus, which was a technique commonly used to maximize the amount of arable area available, by using stone retaining walls to create raised beds for crops. Cotton was popular because of its use in cloth, and the production of it was a basic cottage industry.

Because it is difficult to make an opening in an adobe or wattle and daub wall without using a substantial amount of wood, these rooms typically had no windows, and daily life, as in Chinese vernacular houses, was lived in the central courtyard, rather than in their dark claustrophobic interiors. 14 From Ancient Times to the Late Middle Ages, 6000 BCE–1200 A Similar Pattern This pattern was repeated on a reduced scale in smaller cities and villages throughout the remainder of the vast Aztec Empire, in which lesser kings ruled and delivered tribute in a pyramidal governmental hierarchy, to Motecuhzoma at its peak in Tenochtitlan.

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